Standard Operating Procedures for OAC Firearms Range

Firearms Range Rules

Each customer is required to follow the NRA Universal Safety rules at all times.  Those rules are listed below:

  1. Treat every firearm as it is were loaded.
  2. Never point firearm at anything you are not intending to shoot at.
  3. Keep your finger straight, off the trigger and away from the trigger guard until you are ready to fire.
  4. Know your target, what’s in line with your target and what’s behind your target.

The following are OAC range-specific rules that all shooters are required to follow.

  1. Shoot down range ONLY at the backstop. All projectiles (bullets) must impact the range backstop and keep the muzzle pointed down range while chambering a round. Gun muzzles must be pointed down range at all times.
  2. All shooting must be done from behind the lane bench.  Under no circumstances is a person permitted forward of the lane benches during public range hours.
  3. Firearms may not be handled outside the customer’s individual lane.  Firearms should be uncased only at the firing line bench in the customer’s lane under the supervision of the RSO on duty, or properly secured if concealed.
  4. Only one customer per lane is allowed unless the customer is a minor accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.  No one under 18 years old is permitted to shoot at the OAC without being accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.
  5. Pregnant women should not use the range.
  6. Eye and ear protection are required.  Ear plugs, used along with ear muffs, are recommended when rifles and some handguns are being fired in the range. Ear plugs and safety glasses are available at the range.
  7. All firearms and ammunition must be inspected by an RSO prior to entering the range.  Concealed carry handguns can be taken into the range without inspection.
  8. When a firearm is placed on the bench, it must be pointed down range, the action left open, with an empty chamber indicator (ECI) inserted into the chamber.
  9. Keep all actions open, magazines out, safeties on and ECIs in place when anyone is down range.
  10. A customer may only fire at his or her lane’s target.  Cross-lane firing is prohibited.
  11. Tracer, explosive, incendiary or other destructive ammunition is prohibited.
  12. Do not leave litter. Clean up your firing point and remove targets before leaving.
  13. Obey any directives given by any official of the OAC.
  14. Report any infraction of these range rules to an on-duty RSO after you have first reminded the shooter of the infraction and he/she still refuses to comply.
  15. Shooters may bring or purchase targets at the range.  “Humanoid” targets are not allowed during public range hours.
  16. Holster work is not allowed during public range hours.
  17. Repetitive infractions of safety regulations may result in revocation of your membership.
  18. Alcoholic beverages or drugs in any form are prohibited. Any person having or suspected of having consumed alcoholic beverages or drugs will be refused admittance.
  19. No food, drink or tobacco products allowed.

Range Operations Guide

  1. General. Live firing conducted at the OAC of South Dakota is designed to provide authorized personnel access to a facility to become proficient with firearms.
  2. Facilities for Use. Range availability is at the discretion of the OAC (BOD). Live-fire shooting is limited to the following: Pistols, center fire rifles (up to 458 win caliber), shotguns of any gauge (slugs only, no buck or bird shot), rimfire rifles, air rifles and BB guns.
  3. Range Limitations and Safety Requirements.  Live-fire shooters will:
    1. Use the range only after completing a hold harmless agreement. Forms will be kept on file.
    2. Fire only authorized firearms and ammunition.
    3. Fire only on authorized and designated targets.
    4. Ensure all projectiles (bullets) impact within the backstop.
    5. Call “cease firing,” insert ECI and make safe all firearms before an RSO moves forward of the firing line.
    6. Pickup all expended casings (brass), paper, and other debris that accumulate on the range.   Shooters should clean up their area when finished.  Shooters can collect their own brass that falls behind the shooting line on the carpeted area.  Brass that falls beyond the shooting line, onto the concrete area, can be retrieved using the snow rake.  Reaching beyond the carpeted area into the shooting lanes is not allowed.  Brass can be kept by the shooter or disposed of in the buckets next to the shooting lanes. Dispose of used targets.
  4. Authorized & Prohibited Firearms and Ammunition.
    1. The use of NFA firearms (e.g. machine guns, silencers, short barreled rifles, etc.) is authorized under the direct supervision of lawful owners. Owners must comply with all applicable Federal and State regulations.
    2. No tracer, incendiary, explosive, or other destructive ammunition is allowed.
    3. The following is allowed with prior approval by the PRC (or CRSO).
      1. Law enforcement training using shotguns with buckshot or birdshot.
      2. Law enforcement or other training requiring drawing a handgun from a holster.
  5. Authorized Personnel. The following persons are allowed to fire:
    1. Current members of the OAC and persons with a current day pass or multi-pass.
  6. Off-hours use of the range by Range Safety Officers.
    1. Active range safety officers, that are OAC members, may use the range when it’s not open to the public, during the hours of 5am to 11pm.
    2. Guests may accompany the active RSO, if they are an OAC members with the purchase of a day or multi-pass.
    3. All range rules must be followed by the RSO and their guests.
  7. Personnel Responsibilities.
    1. OAC Staff
      1. Ensure scheduled events are posted to the website and bulletin board ASAP. Schedules should include matches, recreational fire, range closures and any special instructions.
      2. Ensure scheduled events are posted to the website and bulletin board ASAP. Schedules should include matches, recreational fire, range closures and any special instructions.
      3. Semi-annual test of the Emergency Services System located by the RSO check-in desk.
    2. Pistol Range Committee
      1. Maintain the range facility.
      2. Conduct CRSO and RSO training as needed using the NRA Range Safety Officer Training Program.
      3. Appoint a Chief Range Safety Officer (CRSO).
      4. Approve RSOs
      5. Develop and maintain OAC Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) documents.
    3. Board of Directors (BOD)
      1. Disciplinary actions for all participants for the live-fire range will be handled by the BOD.
    4. Chief Range Safety Officer.
      1. Ensure each Line Officer and RSO understands and can execute live-fire procedures.
      2. Ensure the RSO performs range checklists when appropriate.
      3. Check to see that each RSO has been NRA certified.
      4. Ensure the RSOs has access to a phone/radio, appropriate keys, range checklists, Injury Report Form, Emergency Report Forms, safety briefing narratives, SOP binder, and first-aid kit.
      5. After a cease-fire, inspect the range with the RSO.
      6. Maintain a RSO kit containing: range checklists, Injury Report Forms, Emergency Report Forms, safety briefing narratives and any other special instructions.
    5. Range Safety Officers (RSO)
      1. RSO status is accomplished by completing an RSO training class. Information on dates and times for these classes can be obtained by contacting
      2. Check in at the front desk prior to the first scheduled live-fire as required.
      3. Know the location of the OAC keys, first-aid kit and phones.
      4. Conducts range inspection with the CRSO or other RSOs using the checklist.
      5. Ensure that at least one RSO is on the range at all times.
      6. Conduct range safety briefings as necessary.
      7. Inspect the range when live-fire is finished.
      8. Ensure that range checklist is complete.
    6. OAC-SD members and event participants
      1. Organized event shooters must check in with OAC staff or RSO on the scheduled range.
      2. All non-member shooters must fill out hold harmless agreements.
      3. Members and participants will conduct themselves in an orderly manner at all times and will be responsible for the conduct of any guests they bring.
      4. All shooters are responsible for their guns, ammunition, and other equipment while in the complex.
      5. Firearms that are out of the case and not being fired must be lawfully concealed or benched. (Actions open, magazines removed, chambers empty with ECI in place, muzzles pointing in a safe direction, and safeties on.
      6. During organized events, only load firearms on the firing line after the Line Officer or RSO has given the command to load.
      7. Do not point firearms at anything other than authorized targets.
      8. Fire only at your own target.
      9. Give the command “cease fire” if an unsafe condition exists.
      10. Follow all instructions from the RSO.
      11. Clean up the area of expended casings (brass), used targets, and any other debris.
  8. Hours of Operation and Scheduling
    1. As determined by the Board of Directors.
  9. Alcoholic Beverages and Drugs are prohibited
  10. Medical Support
    In the event of a medical emergency, call 911. All calls to 911 or any other Emergency Service from the range require notification of the CRSO and the Executive Director immediately. Refer to Emergency Procedures Instructions in Appendix 3.
  11. OAC Waiver
    Anyone who participates in any OAC event or activity is required to sign a waiver.  Members and all customers must sign a waiver upon their initial visit to the OAC.
  12. Definitions: For the purposes of this SOP and OAC activities, the following terms will be defined and include the following:
    1. Accident: An undesirable, unexpected, unintentional happening or event without a deliberate cause resulting in harm, injury, damage or loss.
    2. Incident: A distinct or definite occurrence event or accident resulting in harm, injury, damage, loss or a grave / extreme safety concern.
    3. Injury: A physical damage or hurt.
    4. Emergency Services: Including, but not limited to, Police (local, state or Sheriff), any Fire Department, any Search / Rescue Squad, any ambulance squad or service.
    5. Safety Violation / Incident: An event on the range considered unsafe such as, but not limited to: bullets not being contained in the range / into an impact area, handling firearms while people are down range, shooting at non-approved targets, not keeping firearm pointed down range.
  13. Reporting Safety Incidents:
    Anyone can report a safety incident using the Appendix 4 form.

Addendum E
(amended 3-14-17)
SOP for OAC Gun Use

The Outdoor Adventure Center offers a nice selection of guns for your use.  No prior knowledge or experience is needed, as our Range Safety Officers will gladly go over the function of each gun you choose and demonstrate its use.  It’s $15 to rent one of our handguns for your session on the range while our rifles rent for $25. You will love our rental program if:

  • You don’t own a gun and just want to shoot,
  • You were not able to bring your gun with you,
  • You want to try a new or special brand.

The following are the OAC’s rules for rental guns:

  1. When renting an OAC firearm, only the OAC’s ammunition purchased at the time of  the rental may be used in the firearm
  2. Handguns can only be rented by persons 21 years of age or older.
  3. A waiver form is required when renting OAC guns.
  4. When bringing a rental firearm on and off the range, the firearm is to be unloaded,  opened and contained in a plastic carry case.
  5. The final decision of renting a firearm to an individual is at the discretion of the RSO.
  6. One rental gun per lane.
  7. The renter is responsible for any damages caused by negligence and agrees to pay for all  necessary repairs to the firearm as a result of negligence.